Sunday, April 20th, 2014

Types of Linux OS

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Types of Linux OS

Linux

Linux is an increasingly popular operating system that is proving to be a viable alternative to Microsoft’s Windows and Apple’s Mac operating systems. Linux is open source, which means that it is developed by a tight-knit community of developers and designed to be permanently free of charge. Because of this, there are many different types of Linux operating systems available to users. Linux is PC-UNIX in which the kernel was created for PC/AT compatibles by Linus Torvalds of Finland. The name is derived from the kernel’s creator.

Distribution

Although Linux is originally the kernel created by Linus, it does not function as an OS generally available with only the kernel. To function as an OS, various software applications must be combined with the kernel. Thus, the combination of the kernel and some application software supporting it for use as a OS is called a “distribution”.

Types of distribution

A number of application software programs as well as the kernel is needed to run as an OS, but software applications necessary depend on the specific purpose of use or policy. This is the difference of distributions, so there are many distributions.

The biggest difference is the management method of a package (software) shown as follows:

  • RedHat Linux
  • CentOS
  • Fedora
  • Ubuntu

RedHat Linux

Red Hat Linux, assembled by the company Red Hat, was a popular Linux based operating system until its discontinuation in 2004.

Red Hat Linux 1.0 was released on November 3, 1994. It was originally called “Red Hat Commercial Linux”. It was the first Linux distribution to use the RPM Package Manager as its packaging format, and over time has served as the starting point for several other distributions, such as Mandriva Linux and Yellow Dog Linux.

Red Hat Linux introduced a graphical installer called Anaconda, intended to be easy to use for novices, and which has since been adopted by some other Linux distributions. It also introduced a built-in tool called Lokkit for configuring the firewall capabilities.

As of Red Hat Linux 8.0, UTF-8 was enabled as the default character encoding for the system. This had little effect on English-speaking users, but enabled much easier internationalisation and seamless support for multiple languages, including ideographic, bi-directional and complex script languages along with European languages.

Red Hat Linux lacked many features due to possible copyright and patent problems. For example, MP3 support was disabled in both Rhythmbox and XMMS; instead, Red Hat recommended using Ogg Vorbis, which has no patents. MP3 support, however, could be installed afterwards, although royalties are required everywhere MP3 is patented. Support for Microsoft’s NTFS file system was also missing, but could be freely installed as well.

Advantage Redhat Linux

  • User support is matched to the traditional open source ideology can make changes to any part of the system.
  • Flexibility and security
  • Software Compatiblity Issues Solved and find to check new operating system, new web browser, a new email client and a new photo editor for their Linux.
  • Enterprise level support will make Red Hat easy to use

Centos

CentOS is a community-supported, free and open source operating system based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It exists to provide a free enterprise class computing platform and strives to maintain 100% binary compatibility with its upstream distribution. CentOS stands for Community ENTerprise Operating System. CentOS developers use Red Hat’s source code to create a final product very similar to Red Hat Enterprise Linux. CentOS is available free of charge. Technical support is primarily provided by the community via official mailing lists, web forums, and chat rooms.

CentOS version numbers have two parts, a major version and a minor version. The major and minor version numbers respectively correspond to the major version and update set of Red Hat Enterprise Linux from which the source packages used to build CentOS are taken. For example, CentOS 4.4 is built from the source packages from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 update 4.

Advantage:

  • Virtualization allows multiple operating systems to run on a single server at the same time.
  • SELinux Trouble Shooting Tool is a user-friendly tool for notification and diagnosis of access denials.
  • Clustering and security

Fedora

Fedora is another example of a Linux distribution. In appearance, Fedora’s desktop and standard operations are similar to those of Ubuntu and Kubuntu. Fedora is used primarily for older PCs due to its limited system requirements. The term fedora was in use as early as 1891. The fedora came into use in about 1919. Fedoras can be found in nearly any color imaginable, but black, grey, tan, brown, and red are the most popular.

Advantage:

  • Fedora is pretty similar to RHEL
  • Fedora fairly convenient and relatively easy to install
  • Fedora has the latest releases of most of the available software
  • The choice of software is enormous

Ubuntu

The most popular and widely used Linux distribution is called “Ubuntu.” Ubuntu is aimed at bringing Linux to casual computer users and is

comparable in features to Microsoft’s Windows operating system. Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution. Ubuntu focuses on usability and security. The Ubiquity installer allows Ubuntu to be installed to the hard disk from within the Live CD environment, without the need for restarting the computer prior to installation.

Ubuntu comes installed with a wide range of software that includes OpenOffice, Firefox, Pidgin, Transmission, GIMP, and several lightweight games (such as Sudoku and chess). Ubuntu allows networking ports to be closed using its firewall, with customized port selection available. It offers support for more than 46 languages. Ubuntu can also run many programs designed for Microsoft Windows (such as Microsoft Office), through Wine or using a Virtual Machine.

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Comments

24 Responses to “Types of Linux OS”
  1. syam says:

    Very good. Good know different distribution of linux. I never heard about Centos distribution

  2. Girish says:

    This is a great collection of Linux OS with its advantages and disadvantages, Nice to have it in one place. Good job collecting it and sharing with us, I have a simple guide to configure samba on my website too.
    http://dotgiri.com/2009/08/27/15-steps-to-configure-samba-on-ubuntu/

  3. bobit says:

    entOS is an Enterprise-class Linux Distribution and freely provided to the public by a p North American Enterprise Linux vendor

    U can visit the site @ http://centos.org/

  4. Jeffry says:

    I am planning to try the Obuntu, just got the CD from London…

  5. Vineesh says:

    i am using Ubuntu, its very user friendly; installation is very easy too…

  6. Jini Jose says:

    where is the popular SUSE Linux ? I couldnt found it in the list.

    • lia says:

      i think openSUSE Linux from Novell, its seems good 4 higher level use
      For a an ordinary user Ubuntu, is good,

      anyway like Jine me think Ubuntu, SUSE Linux missed here

      please add SUSE Linux in Types of Linux OS blog

  7. Prasanth says:

    Good one .. keep it point by point and include details on versions like Mandrake, Debian etc ..

  8. Bince Thomas says:

    Very good. fantastic.Thanks

  9. Prasanth says:

    good article

  10. abhilash says:

    Mandriva 2010 is also to be considered, again OpenSuse too is Worth installing

  11. Clifton says:

    Just recently installed Ubuntu on my desktop. Seems to be working fine. Have yet to figure out how to install my printer though. Any help sites available for this?

  12. mohd shadab says:

    linux is a good operating system. linux is a good kernal security provides. but i thought linux is most useful for us.

  13. rachiechito says:

    Linux operating System. .. I want to try FEDORA..

  14. Elisha says:

    Please people, can someone talk about the backtrack Linux ver. 5?

  15. alex says:

    hello guys i am software engineer and i am moving to lunix and now i am trying to find the good way or the best way to learn everything about this OS its intersteing and i like it so much and at the same time its important for my career any advice guys thanks alex

  16. Your Mom says:

    Sorry for the name..Lawl.
    Anyways I completely agree with the information provided. The only thing you should’ve mentioned was in RedHat Linux. It is considered “Freeware”, but the branding just provides long term support and a fancy box. You can search the web for the parts of RedHat, but overall Ubuntu is the best either way.
    Nice job!

  17. amit says:

    hi, can any one help me regarding, actually i am using Ubuntu Linux distribution, but now i have forgot the password, what should i do?

  18. pardeep says:

    thankc lot to providing us the knowledge about the linux types ,,,,,,,,
    please giving the ans of my question.
    if we install the windows OS Xp and ubuntu operating system on same pc, then which is the best option, first to install on same drive or second to install on different drives ??……..what is the problems facing when used anyone option ??…..any problem user need can be face, when install on the same drive in same computer ??……………………

  19. I like this fedora operating system
    and like the all linux operating system

  20. Julian says:

    sweet info about Linux,i’m now moving into it for control,programming and automation purposes though i need some help,is the SUSE Linux user friendly?does it have much of the graphical user interface?

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